Repairing a Vintage Hand Fan
I purchased this celluloid-and-silk hand fan on eBay from the original owner's daughter. It was a real bargain, and in near-perfect condition with only a single, tiny tear in the silk. Here's one of the listing photos:
To save a couple dollars on postage (which I would gladly have paid) the seller opted to wrap the fan in a single piece of tissue paper and toss it into a padded envelope.
Before I'd opened the package, I knew. I could feel and hear loose bits shaking around. I hoped I was wrong. I wasn't.
The shards had torn through the silk in several spots of nearly every section. Some were hanging from one edge. Others had completely detached. Sob.
I emailed the seller who refunded my money and told me to give it a proper burial. I said I would. And maybe I should have, but I just couldn't. I had to try to save it. Such a lovely old thing.
I'd successfully repaired the antique fan I use for mid-Victorian dancing following Kat's instructions. But it had had only a few tears in the silk, which I'd reinforced with ultra-fine silk tulle purchased from the lovely proprietress at Mary, Not Martha on Etsy.
That tulle was expensive, and I use it sparingly for only the most deserving projects. This new fan was such a disaster, I wasn't sure I could fix it. I needed something delicate enough to give a good result, but not so costly that I'd regret trying if I failed. I went back to the shop and bought a remnant of off-white, nylon, fine English net. Not dirt cheap, but far less than the silk.
With the fabric en route, I started repairing each break in the celluloid using extra-thick tacky glue.
Because of how a fan is shaped, it's very difficult to work on more than one small area at a time. You have to move slowly, letting each section dry before moving on. If you're like me, you'd best distract yourself with another project during the dry time or risk undoing what you've done (or causing more harm).
Don't look at the tulle, please. We're not up to that yet. Just look at the glued end piece. Yes, I know, it's far from perfect -- it flat-out refused to align properly -- but it's intact.
Each of the thin, balsa wood ribs had snapped. Because they're so narrow, and the decorative perforations leave little to reconnect, they were repair-resistant, remaining bendy and vulnerable no matter how many layers of glue I added. Kat suggested using painted wooden coffee stirrers as splints (she's always coming up with creative solutions). If the fan doesn't hold up, I will give that a try.
Just look at the damage to the silk.
Here's what you do.
First, open the fan as much as possible. Lay your tulle over it and cut a piece large enough to cover the silk completely, leaving about an inch overlap all around. This will be a bigger piece than you'd think, due to the curvature. This photo shows the front of the fan, but you'll apply the tulle to the back.
Squeeze some white school glue (Elmer's or similar) into a small bowl and add water to thin it a bit. You'll want to use a non-shedding artist's brush to apply the glue. Here's my set-up. I work on parchment or wax paper to prevent sticking.
Working on the back, brush glue onto and through the tulle at the last rib, then onto the tulle between the ribs. I did about five sections at a time. Flip the fan over and repeat the process for this first set on the front, brushing the glue directly onto the silk and through to the tulle. Wet silk likes to rumple up, forming bubbles and creases. It can be frustrating. Just work them out as best you can and enjoy the process. It's fun if you don't stress.
Move the wet fan to a dry spot on your work surface and then step away and go do something else for about 20 minutes.
When the glue is almost, but not quite, dry, gently fold the newly glued section. This is important, as you don't want your fan to be glued in the open position permanently. But avoid leaving it folded or you'll have the opposite problem. You're just sort of "training it to fold," as Kat puts it. Gently unfold it until it's fully dried.
Continue the process of gluing, almost-drying, and temporarily folding, until the entire fan is backed with tulle and the silk is reattached as smoothly and completely as you can get it. Glue any broken-off bits and pieces wherever they seem to fit. There may be gaps, depending on the extent of the damage.
So long as the silk has the tulle backing to hang onto, you'll have a functional fan and the flaws won't show except on close inspection.
When the fan has dried completely, trim away the excess tulle, then fold it up. I tied a ribbon around it because even fine tulle adds bulk, and this helps compress it a bit.
Here is the repaired fan. You can see that it's a bit rumply and a few ribs are slightly crooked. If it collapses with use, I'll give the coffee-stirrer solution a go. Still, I'm pleased with the result. Much better than the fan graveyard. Don't you agree?
Silk chiffon might be a less-bulky alternative backing, although tulle offers the benefit of being nearly invisible and not interfering with the translucence of the silk. If you've used chiffon or another material with good success, please let us know in the comments.